Posts by Christopher Axene, CPA:
- 15-year recovery period for qualified leasehold improvements, qualified restaurant buildings and improvements, and qualified retail improvements
- Extension and modification of the research & development credit, including allowing certain small businesses to claim the credit against AMT liability and employer’s payroll (ie: FICA) liability
- 179 expensing limitations and phase out increased to $500,000 and $2 million respectively
- Exclusion of 100 percent of gain on certain small business stock
- Extension of tax-free distributions from IRAs for charitable purposes
- Earned income tax credit
- Child tax credit
- Extension of the new markets tax credit in which Congress authorized $3.5 billion allocation of credits each year from 2015 until 2019
- Extension and expansion of the work opportunity tax credit
- Bonus depreciation is extended at 50 percent for 2015 through 2017, 40 percent for 2018, and 30 percent for 2019
- Extension and expansion of empowerment zone tax incentives
- Two-year moratorium on the 2.3 percent medical excise tax imposed on the sale of medical devices
- Extension of energy efficient commercial buildings deduction
- April 15, 2015 – you filed your 2014 tax return with the IRS
- March 31, 2018 – the IRS assesses additional taxes on your 2014 tax return
- The IRS has until March 31, 2028, to collect the additional tax or file suit against you.
- New product development marketing
- Lean manufacturing implementations
- Quality certifications (ISO, TS)
- Enterprise resource planning (system selection, training)
- Capital expenditures (e.g. equipment or software)
- On-going business expenses (e.g. FTE salaries)
- On-going business processes
Greetings Drebit! Please excuse my ignorance when it comes to IRS matters. I read your article about finding the date of assessment on my IRS Transcript. My transcript code is 150-5/29/2006. When can I exercise my right under the 10-year Statutes of Limitations? Thank you. – Wendy
Click here to read the original article
Thank you for taking the time to send in your question. You correctly identified the date of assessment on your account transcript by zeroing in on the “150” Transaction Code. Based on this date, I can determine that your tax return was assessed on “5/29/2006.” Because the statute of limitations almost always begins the day after the taxpayer files their income tax return, the simple answer to your question is that the 10-year statute is set to expire on May 30, 2016.
However, there may be other factors to consider. For example, if you entered into an installment agreement with the IRS to pay any amount that was owed, as identified on your 2005 tax return, it’s highly likely that the 10-year statute of limitations date would have been extended to a date ending after May 29, 2016. While we have no way to know for certain if your assessment date was adjusted, I can tell you that, in this scenario, it is common practice for the IRS to extend the timeline to accommodate their ability to collect taxes owed – particularly if the installment payment period extends beyond the original expiration date.
I recommend that you speak with your financial advisor about this matter or email Rea & Associates to speak with a member of our team’s tax experts. You also might find value in the following articles.
By Christopher Axene, CPA (Dublin office)
Check out these articles for more helpful tax advice:
The IRS has finally issued guidance on how to deal with the retroactive extension of the Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC) for 2015. In short, it’s an opportunity you don’t want to pass up.
How The WOTC Works For Business Owners
To claim this valuable tax credit, employers have 28 days from the date an employee was hired to certify that they fall into one of the qualifying categories. To do this, the new employee is typically asked to complete Form 8850 by the employer. The form is then filed with the IRS, while another form is filed with the Ohio Department of Jobs and Family Services. Once the new employee’s qualification is confirmed, the business may claim a credit against the income tax of a percentage of first-year wages.
Even though the credit was left to expire in 2015, some businesses continued to collect qualifying information from new hires – just in case. This turned out to be a good strategy because late last year, Congress finally voted to pass the PATH Act of 2015, which, among other things, extended the WOTC through 2019.
While some business owners may have phased out the practice of passing out Form 8850 to new employees, those who continued to qualify their new hires now have a chance to retroactively claim the WOTC credit. Employers have until June 29, 2016, to complete and file paperwork for qualifying employees to successfully claim the tax credit.
Tax Credit Available When You Hire Unemployment Recipient
The retroactive WOTC extension is not the only thing business owners should be aware of. In 2016 and until 2019, hiring long-term unemployment recipients (or an individual who has been unemployed for at least 27 consecutive weeks and who has, at some point, received unemployment benefits) will also qualify your business for the tax credit. To qualify for the WOTC under this new category, your employee(s) must have been hired between Jan. 1 and May 31, 2016.
Don’t miss out on your chance to claim the WOTC. Email Rea & Associates to learn more.
By Christopher Axene, CPA (Dublin office)
Are you looking for more tax help? These articles could help guide you along:
PATH Act Makes Several Key Tax Provisions Permanent
There is nothing like waiting until the last minute to complete a task. We’ve all been there and we all promise we’ll never do it again. Unfortunately (especially when it comes to determining the future of several valuable tax provisions) our government has fallen victim to the same bad habit.
Year after year, Congress promises to address the future of many expired tax provisions, and year after year they fail to make a definitive decision – opting only to pass legislation that extends the provisions for another year. In the meantime, taxpayers are expected to take on the impossible task of navigating the terrain amidst legislative uncertainty. Happily, things are about to change.
Listen To Our Podcast Taxes Are Like Fishing To Learn More About Tax Strategy
Congress finally made good on its promise to make take a more definitive stance on the future of many popular tax provisions last week when members voted in favor of making many of them permanent. Other tax provisions received a temporary extension. The legislation, Protecting Americans From Tax Hikes Act of 2015 (PATH Act), is retroactive to Jan. 1, 2015, and provides taxpayers a level of certainty that they have been without for quite some time.
This legislation offers a lot of relief to individuals and businesses, alike. Here’s an overview of what you can expect moving forward.
Key Tax Provisions Made Permanent By The PATH Act:
Key Provisions Extended Through 2019
Key Provisions Extended Through 2016
In addition to the extension of key tax provisions, the PATH act also puts more scrutiny on the operations of the IRS. IRS agents will be held accountable for knowing and acting in accordance with the taxpayer bill of rights and prohibits the use of IRS business for political gain.
The passage of the PATH act is a huge victory for American taxpayers, and will allow them to partner more efficiently and effectively with their tax advisors on key issues in years to come without the uncertainty that has plagued them for many years.
Be sure to set up an appointment to speak with your tax advisor or financial planner to talk about how the PATH act will impact your ability to take advantage of tax planning strategies. Do you have questions about specific aspects of the PATH act? Fill out the form on the top, right side of this page to submit your question to Dear Drebit.
Are you looking for more ways to save on your tax bill? These articles can help:
Bob recently received a copy of his account transcripts from the IRS. Upon reviewing the paperwork, he noticed that the government agency made note of a “date of assessment,” which prompted him to wonder how the date of assessment was determined? Moreover, he wanted to know what role one’s date of assessment plays with regard to the time frame the government has to collect back taxes.
If you ever find yourself in a situation similar to Bob’s, with questions about your tax history, in addition to speaking with your tax advisor, you can request that a copy of your tax return transcript and tax account transcript be mailed to you. Fill out the online form here, but make sure you are making the request for the current tax year’s transcript or transcripts for three years prior.
If you are requesting transcripts for older tax years or you need a wage and income transcript or verification of non-filing letter, you’ll need to complete Form 4506-T and send it to the address listed on the form’s instructions. Due to a recent security breach, your transcripts will not be sent electronically.
How Far Back Can The IRS Go To Collect Back Taxes?
If the IRS is attempting to collect past due taxes, the agency will assign a date of assessment to your IRS account transcript.
Like many of the invoices you see every day, every item on your transcript will be assigned a code. Your date of assessment is no different. To identify the date of assessment on your account transcript for the tax year in question, look for Transaction Code “150.”
As a general rule, the IRS must assess tax, or file suit against the taxpayer to collect the back taxes, within three years after the original tax return was filed. This three-year period of limitation on assessments also applies to penalties. In fact, this rule continues to apply regardless of whether the return was filed on time or not. In general, the statute of limitations will almost always begin the day after the taxpayer files their income tax return.
The Rules May Not Apply
It seems as though there are always exceptions to the rules we work so hard to uphold – taxes are not excluded from this trend. For instance, when a taxpayer files a false or fraudulent return, the taxpayer waves their right to statute of limitations protection. And if a taxpayer fails to file their income tax return, the IRS is allowed to undertake collection proceedings at any time and without assessment.
While the statute of limitations for assessment is three years after your return has been filed, the IRS still has 10 years to actually collect the assessed tax. Below is an example of the assessment process in action:
While this information may help to shine some light on IRS assessments and statute of limitations rules, every situation is unique and hinges on several specific variables. Your tax advisor can help you sort through codes and details to get you back on the right track. Email Rea & Associates to learn more.
By Christopher Axene, CPA (Dublin office)
Check out these articles to learn more about your responsibilities as a taxpayer:
The IRS recently issued taxpayer-friendly guidance regarding the disposition of a component of real or personal property.
Under the Internal Revenue Code, taxpayers are required to capitalize certain amounts paid to acquire, produce or improve real or tangible personal property during the year and that is used for a trade, business or for the production of income. However, prior to the issuance of new regulations in 2013 taxpayers were unable to write-off the remaining cost of a component of a larger asset or building that was repaired or replaced (e.g. a roof). In fact, under the old rules, it was not uncommon for business owners to be required to depreciate “ghost assets” – assets that were removed or replaced by the taxpayer and are no longer in service.
The good news is that the IRS has changed its mind on these, so-called, “partial dispositions.”
So, What’s Changing?
Beginning Jan. 1, 2014, taxpayers were able to deduct the remaining cost of such components in the year they were replaced/repaired by making an election on their tax return.
Additionally, the IRS allowed taxpayers to apply the regulations to dispositions that had already happened in prior years as long as the ghost assets were still being depreciated.
What was unclear until recently was how a taxpayer could effectively make the election on a retroactive basis given that businesses were required to file their 2013 year tax returns before the IRS had issued definitive guidance.
The IRS’ Response
The IRS officially announced a specific revenue procedure that provides a limited opportunity for taxpayers to write-off assets that were disposed of during a prior year. The guidance outlines the procedures necessary for taxpayers to secure the write-off, as well as what documents they should include when filing their request. If you do plan to write off a ghost asset from a previous year, you must make plans do so now as this retroactive election opportunity is time sensitive. Taxpayers who miss this opportunity will be required to continue depreciating these ghost assets. For some, this means that you could be depreciating ghost assets for another 15-20 years.
Are you a business owner who is still paying the IRS for assets that you no longer have or that have been replaced? Do you want to learn more about the IRS’s new rules on ghost assets and how they can impact your business? Email Rea & Associates to find out if you can write off ghost assets that continue to haunt your business.
Author: Chris Axene, CPA (Dublin office)
America is the land of the free, and a place where we’re all supposed to have boundless opportunities. So if you’re the business owner of a small manufacturer, and you’re feeling financially and competitively pinched because of foreign imports, know that there is relief.
Trade Adjustment Assistance
The U.S. Department of Commerce’s Economic Development Administration developed and funds a program to help manufacturing companies become more competitive against foreign imports. The program, “Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms,” provides up to $75,000 in matching funds to qualifying manufacturers to invest in projects identified during the plan development phase. Qualifying projects must be time-limited and performed by third parties who provide knowledge-based help covering the areas of marketing, industrial and systems engineering or financial and general management consulting.
Examples of “qualifying projects” include:
“Non-qualifying” projects include:
Big Benefit Of Trade Adjustment Assistance for Firms Program
An added benefit of the program is a customized diagnostic survey and comprehensive action plan created for the business by the program’s personnel. There is no fee to apply to the program. Once eligibility for the program is confirmed, the plan development phase typically takes one to three months with the implementation phase able to run for up to five years. Any funds not expended after five years are lost.
Funding for this program was recently renewed so now is the time to invest 30 minutes of your time to speak with a program representative to see if you qualify.
Ohio Small Manufacturer Help
If you’re an Ohio Small Manufacturer that’s having trouble keeping up with foreign imports and competition, and needs assistance with strengthening your business’s bottom line, contact Rea & Associates. Our Ohio manufacturing service team can help you evaluate your business’s current financial state and determine what steps you need to take to get back in the game.
Author: Christopher E. Axene, CPA (Dublin office)
Looking for more Ohio manufacturing-related articles? Check these blog posts out:
If you’re about to acquire, produce or improve real or tangible personal property, and then turn around and use the property in a trade of business for income, stop right there. Under the Internal Revenue Code, you’re required to capitalize certain amounts of money you invested into the property. Read the rest of this entry “
We’ve read for weeks that a government shutdown was possible, but at 12 a.m. this morning, it happened. It has been 17 years since the last government shutdown, and you, along with the rest of the American people, are probably wondering how the shutdown will impact their lives. Fortunately, last week the Internal Revenue Service published “FY 2014 Shutdown Contingency Plan (During Lapsed Appropriations) Non-Filing Season,” a set of guidelines that explains what will go on at the IRS during a shutdown. Read the rest of this entry “
This article discusses the changes to individual tax payers that are in a legal same-sex marriage.
Earlier this year the Supreme Court declared that section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) was unconstitutional. Section 3 of DOMA required that same-sex spouses are to be treated as unmarried for purpose of federal law. It is now recognized that same-sex couples that were legally married in states that recognize same-sex marriages, will be treated as married for federal tax purposes, even if the state they are currently residing in does not allow same-sex marriages. The same is true for couples married legally in a foreign jurisdiction. This now allows for same-sex married couples to file with the status of “married filing jointly” (MFJ) or “married filing separately” (MFS). Read the rest of this entry “
ACT FAST: Limited Time Offer for RMDs
Thanks to a hot-off-the-presses provision in the new tax law, taxpayers over 70 ½ have a very limited window to address 2012 required minimum distributions (RMDs) from their retirement accounts.
Here’s what happened: an incentive for donating your RMDs directly to charity tax-free expired in 2011, so at the end of 2012 many of you weren’t sure what to do. Some of you may have taken your RMD as usual and used that money toward regular living expenses, but other retirees who typically donate their RMD to charity may have taken a different approach. Read the rest of this entry “
By now you’ve heard that last minute actions by Congress and the President pulled us off the brink of the fiscal cliff. But, do you know what the American Taxpayer Relief Act means for you and your business?
Overall, the deal is good news for most Americans. While it’s true that the tax rates for 99 percent of taxpayers will not change, everyone who pays payroll taxes will see a slight increase. Here’s what you, as an individual taxpayer, should expect in the year to come: Read the rest of this entry “
Tax treatment of property repairs has long frustrated business owners and accountants alike. The system has been confusing, hard to follow and seemingly eternally inconsistent. Recent changes to the Internal Revenue Code have streamlined the treatments of property repairs, but not all the changes are as taxpayer-friendly as you may have hoped. Read the rest of this entry “
Downsizing by companies has been a fact of life over the past several years. As a part of this process companies may have paid severance payments to employees who were involuntarily terminated due to either: (1) reduction in force (“RIF”) initiatives or (2) plant closings or other similar conditions.
Historically the IRS has argued that such payments are subject to FICA tax withholding in addition to income tax withholding at the time of payment. In 2002, the Court of Federal Claims in CSX Corp v. U.S. held that severance payments made by CSX were not subject to FICA tax and thus CSX was entitled to refunds of amounts previously withheld. The IRS appealed and in 2008 the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit reversed the Court of Claims holding that such payments were subject to FICA tax. Read the rest of this entry “
Even though the Supreme Court’s decision was a few months ago at this point, health care reform is still getting a lot of coverage in the media. Individuals and business owners are still trying to get their hands around what it will mean for them and what they’ll have to do to comply with the new law.
Most discussions about how health care reform will impact taxes have centered on the so called “Individual Mandate.” But, health care reform will lead to other tax changes, too. One such tax chance is the addition of a 0.9% Medicare tax surcharge. Read the rest of this entry “
“Obama Care is terrible!” “Health care reform is great!” Depending on your political stripes, you may have differing views on the Affordable Care Act. Regardless of whether you love it or hate it, health care reform will impact your business in the years to come. Read the rest of this entry “
Employers may surprised to find that they owe more federal taxes on employee wages than they expected for 2011 and they could continue to pay more in 2012. Ohio, Michigan, Indiana, Kentucky and Pennsylvania are just a few of the 21 states that accepted a loan from the federal government for unemployment insurance that have outstanding balances on the loan – and as a result are collecting more federal unemployment taxes. Read the rest of this entry “
Employers who have erroneously treated workers as nonemployees or independent contractors now have an opportunity to get into compliance with the IRS through a low-cost, voluntary reclassification program. Read the rest of this entry “
Last week, President Obama outlined the American Jobs Act, his jobs creation bill, which he will soon send to Congress. The bill includes a number of tax components which could impact your business, if the legislation passes Congress. Among them: Read the rest of this entry “
Ohio business and individual taxpayers, as well as their tax professionals, faced a great amount of uncertainty in 2010 as they waited to see what tax rules would apply to them for 2011 and 2012, until the 2010 Tax Relief Act was signed into law in December. Now, the recently approved debt ceiling legislation averted another immediate crisis, but continued this guessing game as Americans wait to see if comprehensive tax reform will be accomplished. Read the rest of this entry “
So much for the airline tax refund you may have been expecting.
If you traveled by air and purchased a plane ticket on or before July 22, 2011, for a trip leaving July 23 or later, you may have heard that you may be eligible for a refund on the air transportation excise tax you paid. Recent legislation means there will not be a refund. Read the rest of this entry “
If you traveled by air and purchased a plane ticket on or before July 22, 2011, for a trip leaving July 23 or later, you may be entitled to a refund on the air transportation excise tax you paid. Read the rest of this entry “
If your manufacturing company has $1 million or more in export sales each year, or if you sell products that are ultimately destined for use overseas, you may benefit from a tax tool that was extended along with the Bush tax cuts in December. Read the rest of this entry “
A provision of the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization and Job Creation Act of 2010 decreased the employee portion of the Social Security tax from 6.2 percent to 4.2 percent for 2011. Now you have a rare opportunity for to increase your 401(k) contribution without any change in your net take-home pay in 2011 when compared to 2010. Read the rest of this entry “
While some may be breathing a sigh of relief now that the brokered tax package has passed through Congress and is being signed by President Obama, others among us are becoming increasingly alarmed at the “temporary” nature of our tax laws – and the impact these temporary fixes will have on our long-term planning. Read the rest of this entry “
Actually, federal agencies will soon be required to communicate more clearly with us. Earlier this month, President Obama signed the Plain Writing Act, which will require federal government agencies, including the IRS, to write public documents in easy-to-understand language. This means items such as tax forms, federal student aid applications, Veteran’s Administration forms and even form letters from the IRS will receive a makeover. Read the rest of this entry “
Looking into the Future: A Summary of Healthcare Law Changes for 2013 and Beyond
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the related Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act (which are collectively referred to as the healthcare legislation) were signed into law in March. The new laws contain a large number of tax changes. Some have nothing to do with healthcare, some won’t kick in for several years, some are effective right now, and some are even retroactively effective. Read the rest of this entry “
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the related Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act (which are collectively referred to as the healthcare legislation) were signed into law in March, and they include lots of tax changes. Some have nothing to do with healthcare, some won’t kick in for several years, some are effective right now and some are even effective retroactively.
When President Obama signed into law last week the Small Business Jobs and Credit Act of 2010, the new law created a $30 billion lending fund that will allow the U.S. Department of Treasury to invest in small to medium-sized financial institutions that will be encouraged to increase small business lending. Here is a breakdown of the four lending initiatives established by the law. Read the rest of this entry “
Small Business Lending Funding Act Establishes Four Lending Programs
When President Obama signed into law last week the Small Business Jobs and Credit Act of 2010, the new law created a $30 billion lending fund that will allow the U.S. Department of Treasury to invest in small to medium-sized financial institutions that will in turn be encouraged to increase small business lending. Here is a breakdown of the four lending initiatives established by the law.
Small Business Lending Fund. Administered by the U.S. Treasury, the Small Business Lending Fund will award a capital investment to eligible banks with assets under $10 billion. The banks can receive up to a small percentage of their risk-weighted assets, and receive essentially an incentive loan that must be repaid within 10 years. The banks must lend additional funds to small businesses as well as appropriate advertising. The fund also includes a pilot program that will allow non-profit intermediaries to make loans to small businesses at 1 percent interest over a 20-year term. The non-profit intermediaries can loan up to $200,000 per small business through the pilot program.
State Small Business Credit Initiative. A seven-year State Small Business Credit Initiative will be administered by the U.S. Treasury. Treasury will allocate federal funds to participating states with capital access programs. States can qualify for the funds by demonstrating that their capital access programs meet performance and eligibility requirements, including access to capital for businesses with less than 500 employees, minority-owned businesses and those in underserved communities. New programs can also qualify for the federal funds.
Small Business Early Stage Investment Program. The new law amends the Small Business Investment Act of 1958 to establish an early-stage investment program to provide equity investment financing for early-stage small businesses. The program will be managed by the administrator of the Small Business Administration.
Small Business Borrower Assistance Program. Also as part of the Small Business Jobs and Credit Act of 2010, the Small Business Administration is directed to implement an assistance program that provides payments to lenders of principle and interest on qualifying guaranteed business loans of up to $300,000. Every borrower receiving a qualifying small business loan will be automatically enrolled in the program unless the borrower opts out. The SBA’s administrator is required to commit an amount to each borrower equal to 6 percent of the principle disbursed amount of the borrower’s qualifying loan.
The Small Business Jobs and Credit Act of 2010 also contains roughly $12 million in tax breaks and incentives. We will be reporting on the various tax implications of the new law in the weeks to come.
Regulations recently proposed by the IRS will eliminate the ability to make payroll tax deposits using paper coupons. The proposed rule changes are meant to coincide with the Treasury’s move to no longer maintain the paper coupon system after December 31, 2010. Read the rest of this entry “
Everyone wants to know what tax legislation Congress will approve in the coming months. In reality, Congress has little incentive to act on anything ahead of the November mid-term elections other than what to do with the expiring Bush tax cuts. At the risk of quickly being outdated, here are my predictions on some of the most commonly discussed tax legislation provisions. Read the rest of this entry “
Although R & D tax credits expired at the end of last year, Congress has made a few attempts to continue them by passing an extenders bill. So far, those attempts have not been successful, but most tax experts believe R&D credit will be passed and that Congress will make the tax breaks available for 2010.
Click here to learn more about R&D credits and how they can help your business.
When President Obama signed the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act into law last month, the legislative and executive branches of the U.S. government enacted the most sweeping changes in financial reform legislation since the 1930s. The new law will impact both businesses and individuals. Below are a few of the highlights. Read the rest of this entry “
Businesses could see significant changes in how they report transactions on 1099 forms, thanks to a provision in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. Read the rest of this entry “
The expected increase in individual income tax rates next year has some small business owners wondering if now is the time to change their entity structures. Which structure is best for your business is a complex question – and the answer is different for everyone. The following are issues to consider if you are facing this question. Read the rest of this entry “
Yes, there is. If your small company develops products or technology that diagnose, treat or prevent diseases, you may be eligible to apply for tax credits or grants. Read the rest of this entry “
On June 30, Congress passed H.R. 5623, the Homebuyer Assistance Improvement Act of 2010, and President Obama has now signed it. The new law provides the first-time homebuyer credit to taxpayers who were in contract before May 1 but couldn’t meet the June 30, 2010, closing date as required in the prior law. Read the rest of this entry “
In March, President Barack Obama signed the Hiring Incentives to Restore Employment (HIRE) Act. The HIRE Act contains several tax items, the biggest of which is a payroll tax holiday for employers who hire qualifying workers – someone who has not worked more than 40 hours during the last 60 days. This employer benefit is for qualifying new employees hired after Feb. 3, 2010, and before Jan. 1, 2011, however, only wages paid after March 18, 2010 qualify for the payroll tax holiday. Read the rest of this entry “